The Broader Legacy of Ted Gullicksen

Ted was as much at home in the world of bolt cutters and illegal squats as he was at City Hall. He was that rare activist who had one foot in both worlds. Ted could spend one day lobbying supervisors, and the next occupying a vacant building as part of Homes Not Jails.

by Randy Shaw

My first tribute to the late Ted Gullicksen [see “San Francisco Tenant Hero Ted Gullicksen” in this issue] focused on his extraordinary contributions to San Francisco tenants. But his impact was even broader.

As Sam Dodge pointed out at the San Francisco Tenants Union gathering recently, Ted brought activists from anarchist and other non-election-oriented backgrounds into the world of grassroots politics. He achieved this because he was that rare activist who had one foot in both worlds. Ted could spend one day lobbying supervisors over legislation, and the next occupying a vacant building as part of his Homes Not Jails campaign.

Homes Not Jails

Gullicksen launched Homes Not Jails in 1992, the same year he got the Tenants Union actively involved in the tenant movement’s drive to cut annual rent increases by more than half (Prop H). So while Ted was working with us on the nuts and bolts of precinct walking, literature distribution, and campaign literature production, he was simultaneously working with others to plan the takeover of a vacant building at 90 Golden Gate Avenue in the Tenderloin.

Ted was already media savvy enough to know that Thanksgiving is an ideal day to get coverage of a homeless-related issue. That’s the day when people are supposed to be thinking of the less fortunate, and it begins the “Season of Sharing” that encourages people to be supportive of the poor and unhoused.

Ted’s initial building occupations, done in conjunction with Food Not Bombs, combined his tenant activist focus. Homes Not Jails occupied 250 Taylor Street, a long-vacant apartment building that was supposed to have been renovated and reoccupied years earlier. The group squatted in buildings that were to be demolished (despite having the ability to house people) or kept vacant by owner choice.

Among those who joined these occupations was Sister Bernie Galvin of Religious Witness With Homeless People. Now living in St. Charles, Missouri, Sister Bernie recalled how Ted emailed her “during the week before Easter Sunday saying that this Saturday he and several SFTU members were going to illegally occupy a small apartment building in the Mission from which several very poor, elderly people had recently been evicted. He asked if I would join them in this act of civil disobedience. I replied, Yes! Ted, I cannot think of a holy-er way to observe this most sacred time of the year than to join you in this struggle for justice.”

Sister Bernie felt that, “This man, Ted Guillicksen, with such a generous and justice-seeking heart and brilliant mind, can teach us ‘religious’ a thing or two about an essential element of what it means to be holy, about truly living our faith.”

Ted was at much at home in the world of bolt cutters and illegal squats as he was at City Hall. And he showed others that these two worlds were not exclusive. Squats and grassroots election campaigns were both tools in the activist’s handbook designed to further economic and social fairness.

Uniting S.F. Progressives

Ted’s broader impact was also seen in his uniting what I describe as “cultural” vs. “institutional”  progressives in the city’s tenants’ movement.

When I moved to San Francisco in 1979, I was struck by how much more conservative the city’s tenant activists looked compared to my prior experience in Berkeley. That was likely because San Francisco’s tenants’ movement grew in strength through Catholic parishes, whose members  often did not share the lifestyles or values of New Left activists of the 1960s and ‘70s.

As the city’s tenants’ movement through the 1980s became centered in tenant counseling organizations, it became more culturally and institutionally mainstream.

Ted Gullicksen and Sister Bernie Galvin (in the second window from the right) at a Homes Not Jails housing occupation.


I felt by the start of the 1990s that campaigns for an entity known as “tenants” had become divorced from larger economic justice struggles. “Rent control” had become a technocratic concept drained of the passion that led to its enactment.

Ted always framed rent and eviction protections as core social justice issues. He got the cultural and non-mainstream progressive community on board, expanding the tenants’ movement.

The tenants’ movement today, and the tenant activists I saw at the gathering for Ted after his death, is much more culturally and demographically diverse than the movement pre-Gullicksen. And that will not change by his untimely death.

Building a Powerful Tenants Movement

Ted Gullicksen also built the most powerful tenant political movement in San Francisco history. He institutionalized the winning strategies from the Prop H campaign in 1992, and then took the Tenants Union slate card to a whole other level.

Because so much of the tenants’ movement was led by 501 (c) (3) groups that can’t endorse candidates, prior to Ted, the tenants’ movement failed to maximize its political power. Ted changed this.

Under Ted’s leadership, for over two decades the Tenant Union candidate endorsements have been the gold seal of approval for the most pro-tenant candidates. A countercultural, left-wing Ted Gullicksen had no problem making deals with political insiders with whom the politically correct set would keep their distance.

Ted understood that the broader the reach of the TU slate card, the better for tenants. He would deal with nearly anyone if it advanced the tenant cause.

Ted may have devoted too much time to election and legislative campaigns at the expense of organizing a broader movement. But amidst an ongoing housing crisis, Ted understandably wanted to pass every conceivable law to reduce displacement. His loss could mean fewer tenant electoral campaigns simply because he is not around to organize them.

Ted never sought glory or credit. He would likely feel sheepish over the incredible outpouring of support that his loss has triggered. But all of us who worked with him know that Ted’s recognition is richly deserved.

Randy Shaw is Editor of Beyond Chron and director of the Tenderloin Housing Clinic.

Society’s Failure to Care Is the Root of Homelessness

In one of the richest places in the world, people become so wrapped up in their own comfort and status that they don’t care about the human beings they are stepping over.

Visionary Art of Leon Kennedy

In Leon Kennedy’s painting, his living friends are portrayed next to long-gone elders and assassinated civil rights leaders. Even death does not shatter the bonds of love and community.

Welcome to Homelessness

The worst thing about homelessness, I sensed, would have nothing to do with bad weather, hunger or sleep deprivation. It would be the way I soon would be cast out like a leper, as though one would contract a deadly disease just from being in my presence.

Big Money Spends a Fortune to Fight Rent Control

Wealthy landlords, realtors and developers have teamed up and are spending a fortune to fight the efforts of renters to repeal the Costa-Hawkins Act, the law that severely limits the rent control options of California cities. Tenants have also launched rent control campaigns in 10 California cities.

Vicious and Cruel Assault on the Poorest of the Poor

Elected leaders of the national tenants union denounced the housing bill proposed by HUD Secretary Ben Carson as a vicious and cruel assault on the poorest of the poor. “Millions will be displaced if these deeply cruel proposals see the light of day. Congress should reject them out of hand.”

The DBA’s Assault on Free Speech in Berkeley

The DBA launched a new poster destruction policy, despite being warned it was unconstitutional by the City Attorney. Tearing down fliers is a textbook example of a free speech violation. No one has the right to make content-based distinctions about what is allowed to be posted or said in legal, public places.